Discover what they are here. Around the time of delivery, other hormones come into play that help the womb to contract during and after labour, as well as stimulate the production and release of breast milk. Patients were classified according to their reproductive status to 22 premenopausal and 22 postmenopausal females in each group patients and controls. Although the doses used in these different studies are somewhat too similar to each other to draw any conclusions about hormetic effects, it must be seen as possible that the U-shaped dose-response curves seen in animal models could also be relevant in human estrogen consumption in general, and HT in particular. Give Us YourFeedback. El-Zanaty F.
Lower levels of estrogen may reduce a person's sex drive and cause bone density loss, which can lead to osteoporosis.
Hormesis and Female Sex Hormones
Principal results from the women's health initiative randomized controlled trial. In addition, serum total testosterone is associated with increased risk of both advanced hepatic fibrosis and advanced hepatic inflammatory activity in HCV infected men [ 5 ]. Among the slight and temporary adverse events [of flutamide], most frequently reported and not requesting treatment discontinuation were headache 7. Although testosterone is considered a male hormone, females also produce and need a small amount of this, too. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.